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仁爱版丨七年级下册英语知识点总结!【博亚体育App下载】
发布时间:2021-11-21
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本文摘要:知识点总结Unit 5 Topic1重点语法 一般现在时(常与频度副词never, seldom, sometimes, often,usually, always等连用)重点句型 —How do you usually come to school?—I usually come to school by subway.—How often do you go to the library?—Once/Twice/Three times a week/Very often

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知识点总结Unit 5 Topic1重点语法 一般现在时(常与频度副词never, seldom, sometimes, often,usually, always等连用)重点句型 —How do you usually come to school?—I usually come to school by subway.—How often do you go to the library?—Once/Twice/Three times a week/Very often/Every day/Sedom重点详解1.I always come to school by bus.by+交通工具名称,表现使用某种交通方式,中间不加限定词,如果交通工具前有a, the, my等限定词,就不能用by,而是用in或是on.on the train=by train on his bike=by bike in my car=by car.巧辩异同 on foot 与 walk on foot “走路”,是介词短语,不能作谓语,只作方式状语,位于句末。walk “走路”,是动词,可以作谓语。go to…on foot= walk to I often go to school on foot. =I often walk to school.同样,go to….by bike = ride a bike to go to…. by car = drive a car togo to … by plane = fly to go to… by bus = take a bus to2 .Come on! It’s time for class. come on “快点,加油,来吧”。It’s time for sth. “该做某事了”,与 It’s time to do sth.意思一样。

3 .look的短语 look the same看起来一样 look like看起来像……look for寻找 look after 照顾4 .do my homework at school 在学校做作业do one’s homework 做家庭作业(注意:one’s 要随主语的变化而变化,常用形容词性物主代词my, your, their, our, his, her等)。5 we want to know about the school life of American students. 我们想相识一下美国学生的学校生活。know about “相识,知道关于…”。6 巧辩异同 a few与few a few “一些”,few“很少,险些没有”,修饰可数名词。

a little与little a little“一些”,little“很少,险些没有”,修饰不行数名词。7 They often play basketball or soccer, go swimming and so on.go swimming 去游泳 and so on “等等”,表现另有许多。拓展 go+v.-ing 表现去做某事,类似的有: go fishing 去钓鱼 go shopping 去买工具 go boating 去划船 go skating 去溜冰8 How often do you go to the library? 你多久去一次图书馆?how often“多久一次”,问频率。答语常用频度副词never, always,often等或单元时间内的次数once a week一周一次 twice a month每月两次three times a year每年三次语法解说 一般现在时一般现在时表现:(1)现在所处的状态。

Jane is at school.(2)经常或习惯性的行动。I often go to school by bus.(3)主语具备的性格和能力。He likes playing football.(4)客观真理。

The earth goes round the sun.常用的时间状语:often, always, usually, sometimes, every day等等。行为动词的一般现在时,助动词是do/don’t和does/doesn’t.当主语是第一、二人称和所有复数形式时,行为动词用原形。肯定式:I go to school on foot. 否认式:I don’t go to school on foot.疑问式:Do you go to school on foot? —Yes, I do. —No, I don’t.当主语是第三人称单数时,动词用第三人称单数形式,在词尾加-s或-es。

肯定式:He goes to work by bus. 否认式:He doesn’t go to work by bus.疑问式:Does he go to work by bus? —Yes, he does. —No, he doesn’t.Topic2重点语法 现在举行时态。重点句型 What are you doing? He is cleaning the dormitory.Are you doing your homework? Yes, I am./No, I am not.How long can I keep them? Two weeks.重点详解1 at the moment“现在,现在”,相当于now.2 巧辩异同 go to sleep与go to bed① go to bed“上床”“就寝”I often go to bed at ten.② go to sleep“入睡”“睡着”Last night I went to sleep at two o’clock.3 巧辩异同some, a few 与a little “一些,有些”三者都修饰名词。

 some既可以修饰可数名词又可以修饰不行数名词。We want some apples and some water.a few用在可数名词复数之前,a little用在不行数名词之前。There are a few books and a little waterin the classroom.4 与how相关的短语 how often多常 how many几多 how much几多钱 how old多大5 And you must return them on time.你必须定时送还它们。Return意为“送还,回归”① return sth. to sb.把某物送还某人=give back sth. to sb.② return to“回到…”,相当于come back to…6 Maria and a girl are talking at the lost and found.talk“攀谈”,常用的短语talk to/with sb.“与某人攀谈”巧辩异同talk, say, speak与tell(1) talk“攀谈”,表现通过谈话方式交流意见、消息等。

(2) speak“说话”,强调开口发声,后常接某种语言。(3) say “说”,强调所说的话的内容。(4) tell“告诉”,有时兼含“嘱咐”“下令”等。

tell a truth说真话,tell a lie说谎, tell a story 讲故事等牢固搭配。7.I can’t find my purse and I am looking for it. look for“寻找”,强调寻找的历程; find“找到”强调找的效果。

8 .look(at), see与 read look(at)指看的行动,see指看的效果,read常指看书、看报纸等。9 .Here are some photos of his.这有他的一些照片。photos of his是双重所有格。his是名词性物主代词,后还可以接名词所有格。

a friend of mine我的一个朋侪 a classmate of my brother’s我弟弟的一个同学10 .I also want to go there one day.我也希望有一天到那儿。also意为“也”,常用于be动词和情态动词后面,实义动词的前面。巧辩异同 also与too also放在句中,too用于句末。

语法解说 现在举行时1.现在举行时表现:现在正在举行或发生的行动。2.常用的时间状语:now, at the moment, look, listen等。3.谓语动词组成:be(am/is/are)+v.-ing形式。

4.现在举行时态的肯定、否认和疑问式。(1)肯定式:I am running. You are running. He/She is running.(2)否认式:I’m not running. You aren’t running. He/She isn’t running.(3)一般疑问句及回覆:—Are you running? —Yes, I am./—No, I am not.—Is he/she running? —Yes, he/she is./ —No. he/she isn’t.Topic3重点语法 一般现在时和现在举行时的使用和异同。重点句型 What day is ti today? It’s Wednesday.Why do you like it? it’s easy and interesting.What class are they having? They are having a music class.重点详解1 询问星期几用What day…?回覆:It’s Wednesday/Sunday…。

与特殊疑问句词what有关的短语:what class什么班 what color什么颜色 what time几点 what date几号(日期)2 How many lessons does he have every weekday?How many+可数名词的复数形式;How much+不行数名词。3 一个星期的第一天是Sunday, 在星期几前用介词on, 在详细点钟前用at.4 learning about the past相识已往 learn about相识拓展 learn from向……学习 learn by oneself自学5 What do you think of …? = How do you like…?你认为……怎么样?6 —Why? —Because it’s interesting. 用why提问必须用because回覆。

7 Which subject do you like best?你最喜欢什么科目?like best最喜欢,可用favorite“特别喜爱的”转换。8 be friendly to sb. 对某人友好9 I can learn a lot from it.我能从中学到许多工具。

(1) learn…from“从……学习”。(2) a lot = much“许多”,后接宾语时要说a lot of 也可以表现“很是,十分”。

Unit6 Topic1重点语法 There be 句型和方位介词短语。重点句型 There are two bedrooms and a a small study.There is a lamp, a computer, some books and so on.—Is there a computer in your study? —Yes, there is.Don't put them here. Put them away.重点解说1 It’s on the second floor.在哪一层楼,用介词on。on表现在……上面。second是序数词,前面要用定冠词the, 意为第二(的)。

巧辩异同 two与secondtwo是基数词,second是序数词,“第二”或“第二的”,指排列顺序。2 in 在……内里,是方位介词。in the box in the classroomIs there…? 表现某地存在……吗?其肯定回覆是:Yes, there is. 否认回覆No, there isn’t.它的复数形式为Are there…? 其肯定回覆是:Yes, there are. 否认回覆No, there aren’t.3 巧辩异同 there be与 have(1) there be“有”,指(某地)存在“有”。

(2) have“有”,指人或某物“拥有”。The is a dog in the picture. The dog has two big eyes.注:there be 遵循就近原则。be 用is还是are,取决于离该动词最近的谁人名词。如果该名词是单数或不行数名词就用is,如果是复数就用are。

4 have a look看看。后面接名词时要用at. 如have a look at your watch.5 talk about“谈论,议论”,后接名词或动名词。talk with/to “与某人攀谈”6 用来询问某地有某物,其结构为:What’s+介词短语,回覆时应用there be句型。7 play with“和……玩耍”,“玩” play with sb. “与某人一起玩”8 put away 把……放好9 look after“保管,照顾”,相当于take care of.look at看…… look like看起来像…… look for寻找 look the same看起来一样10 巧辩异同in the tree与on the tree(1) in the tree 指外来物体在树上。

(2) on the tree树木自己长出来的花、树叶等。11 巧辩异同like doing与like to dolike doing 表现经经常性或习惯性的兴趣、喜好。与love doing相似。

like to do 表现偶然的、一次性的喜欢。与love to do相似。12 I’m very glad to get a letter from you.我很兴奋收到你的来信。get a letter from sb. 收到某人的来信=hear from sb.Topic2重点语法 There be 句型 Wh-questions重点句型 What’s your home like? What’s the matter?Sorry, I can’t hear you. I’ll get someone to check it right now.There is something wrong with my kitchen fan.重点解说1 house with three bedrooms.有三间卧室的屋子。

with “有,带有”。With还可以意为“和(某人/某物)在一起”2 apartment for a family of two.适合两口之家的公寓。

(1) for表现“给……”表现目的或功效。后接物主代词或名词,但通常带’s.或者后接表现无生命物体的名词。Here is a letter for you.(2)of的寄义为“属于某人/某事物”。

She is a friend of Lily’s. = Shes is Lily’s friend.3 What’s the matter?怎么了?该句常用来询问某或某物出了什么什么问题或毛病;询问详细某人或某物出了什么问题时,还可以表达为:What’s the matter with sb./sth.某人或某物出了什么毛病。What’s the matter? = What’s wrong?4 I hear you playing the piano.我听见你在弹钢琴。hear…doing sth.“听见……在做某事”,强调正在举行的行动。

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hear…do sth.“听见……做了某事”,强调全历程。hear about sth.听到关于某事物的消息 hear from sb.接到某人的来信、电话等hear of sb./sth.听到或知道某人或某事物的情况5 a lot of = lots of许多 后接可数名词,相当于many;后接不行数名词,相当于much,用于肯定句中;可是注意:如果是否认句,刚常用many或much.6 be far from… 离……远(抽象距离) be…away from…离……远(详细距离)My school is not far from the bookstore. The sea is 2 miles away from the hotel.7 There is something wrong with sb./sth.某人或某物出问题/有毛病了。8 I’ll get someone to check it right now.我马上派人去检查。

get sb. to do sth.使某人做某事 someone=somebody某人right now= at once= right away马上,连忙语法解说 There be…(表现“有”)用法1.“There + be+主语+所在状语”表现“某处有某物”;所在状语也可放在句首,有时可用“,”与后面的部门离隔。There are some pictures on the wall.=On the wall, there are some pictures.2.它的疑问形式是将“be”提到“there”之前。

Are thery any books on the desk?3. 它的否认形式是在“be”后加“not”.4. There be如果后面接两个名词作主语,那么“be”的人称和数与相近的名词一致。Topic3重点语法 特殊疑问句和问路、指路的方式。

重点句型 —Excuse me, how can I get to … —Go along… and turn left at the first street.Be careful! Don't play on the street.重点解说1 go up “沿着……走”与它相近的词有go along/down2 get to 到达,后接所在名词 get to =reach=arrive in/at与get有关的短语: get in 收获 get on上车 get off下车get out出去 get out of从……出来 get up起床3 across from 在……劈面4 It’s good to help children and old people to cross the road.资助孩子和老人过马路是一种助人为乐的行为。It’s good to do sth.做某事是助人为乐的行为。

5 on the corner of = at the corner of “在……拐角处”,表现在某一地方或修建物外面的拐角处。in the corner of 表现在某一修建物内的拐角处。6 有关come的短语come to 来到 come form来自于…… come on 加油,赶忙 come in 进来come out 出来 come down下来 come back回来Unit7 Topic1重点语法 掌握be动词的一般已往式。

重点句型 —Were you born in Hebei? Yes, I was./ No, I wasn’t.—When was your daughter born? —She was born on October 22nd, 1996.What's the shape of your present? What does it look like?How long/wide is it? What do we use it for? We use it to study English.重点解说1 英语中日期可以有两种表达法:(1)月日,年。May 1st,2008 (2)日月,年。1st May,20082 plan to do sth.计划做某事 plan for sth.某事订计划3 基数词变序数词的纪律:基变序,有纪律,五、十二ve用f替再加th一二三,特殊记,整几十改y为ie再加th八去t九去e再加th,几十几只改个位就可以。

4 表现确切“几百”时,hundred后面不加“s”,但表现不确定数目的“数以百计”时,hundred后面应加“s”,用“hundreds of”表现。three hundred students三百名学生 hundreds of students几百名学生5 英语中表达物体的长、宽、高,先说数字,再说单元,最后加上一个表现长、宽、高的形容词。“.”读做“point”。 6.4米长 six point four meters long6 What do we use it for?我们用它来做什么?use sth. to do sth.用某物做某事. = use sth. for doing sth.语法解说 be动词的一般已往时1. be动词的一般已往时,表现已往存在的状态。

My brother was at school yesterday.2. be动词的已往式为was/were,其否认式为was not/wasn’t和were not/weren’t.3. 一般疑问句以及简略回覆:—Were you born in July,1999? —Yes, I was./No,I wasn’t.Topic2重点语法 掌握情态动词can/can’t,could/couldn’t的用法。重点句型 —Can/Could you dance? —Yes, I can/could. No, I can’t/couldn’t.—What can you do? —I can speak English. He can’t sing English songs.重点解说1 —Do you want to sing Chinese songs or English songs? —Chinese songs.选择疑问句中,回覆时只能选择一者作答,不能用“Yes”或“No”回覆。2 I’d like to take these flowers to the party. take sb./sth. to sw.带某人/某物去某地巧辩异同 take与bring take (从说话人处带到别处)带去,带走bring (由别处带到说话人处)带来3 一段时间+ago是表现已往的时间状语。

two years agoat the age of 在……岁的时候4 be good at doing sth. = do well in doing sth.擅长做某事,在……方面做得好。5 with one’s help = with the help of… 在……的资助下6 can和could的使用(1) can(could)“可以,同意,准许”表现请求,允许。could语气较can委婉。

(2) can“会,能”,表现能力,could表现已往的能力。Topic3重点语法 行为动词的一般已往时及其回覆。重点句型 —Did you sing a song at the party? —Yes, I did/No, I didn’t.I missed the chair and fell down. How could you lie to me?Kangkang made a silent wish and them he blew the candles out in one breath.重点解说1 Did Kangkang enjoy himself?康康玩得开心吗?Enjoy是及物动词,后接名词,代词或是动名词,意为“喜爱,浏览,享受……的兴趣。

”enjoy oneself = have a good/great time玩得愉快 enjoy doning sth. 喜欢做某事巧辩异同 like, love与enjoy(1)like喜欢(水平较弱)like doing/to do(2) love热爱(水平较强)love doing/to do(3)enjoy喜爱,浏览,享受……的兴趣enjoy doing2 It’s your turn.该你了。turn 是名词,意思是“轮流”,It’s one’s turn to do sth.轮到某人做某事。

还可以做连系动词,意为“酿成……”,后接形容词做表语。3 反身代词oneself变化如下:①第一二人称用形容词性物主代词+self(selves)I→myself you→yourself(yourselves) ②第三人称用人称代词宾格+self(selves)he→himself they→themselves4 What happened to Michael at the party?聚会上迈克发生什么事情了?happen to sb. 某人发生某事,to是介词 happen to do…碰巧干某事,to是不定式符号语法解说 一般已往式一、一般已往式表现:(1)已往存在的状态。

My father wat at work yesterday afternoon. (2)已往某个时间发生的行动。I got up at 6:30 yesterday. (3)已往经常或重复发生的行动。

He always went to work by bus last year. 常用的时间状语:two days/months/years ago, last year, in those days, just now, in 2002等。二、动词已往式的组成:1. 规则动词①在动词后面直接加“ed”。play-played ②动词以“e”末端加“d”。

move-moved ③动词以辅音字母加y末端改y为i加ed. study-studied ④动词为重读闭音节,双写词尾的辅音字母加ed. plan-planned stop-stopped2. 不规则动词 am/is-was are-were do-did (详情见书后不规则动词表)三、行为动词一般已往时态陈述句变否认句和一般疑问句:肯定句:I bought some books yesterday. 否认句: I didn’t buy any books yesterday.一般疑问句:Did you buy any books yesterday?Unit5—Unit7中泛起的冠词用法1.弹乐器前要带定冠词the,而举行球类运动,刚不带the。play the guitar/piano play soccer/basketball2.序数词,前面要用定冠词the。

on the second floor 3.三餐前面不用冠词。 have breakfast/lunch/supper介词的用法 1. 在几点常用介词at, 在星期几常用on。

在早上、下午、晚上常用in. 在详细某是前,用介词on;在月份或年份前用介词in,在详细到某一天的早上/下午/晚上,也用on at seven o’clock; on Sunday; in the morning.2.在哪一层楼用介词on.Unit8 Topic1重点词组:1.take a walk 散步2.had better… 最好……3.go out 出去4.later on 厥后,随后5.come back to life 复生,苏醒6. be busy doing 忙于做某事7.in spring 在春天8.go swimming 去游泳9.make a snowman 堆雪人10. summer holiday 暑假11. plan to do sth. 计划做某事12.go for a walk 去散步13. be different from 与……差别14.last from….to….从……连续到……15.last for+时间段 连续多长时间16.get warm 变温暖17.weather report 天气预报18.learn to do sth 学会做某事19.all day 整天重要句型:1.询问天气的两个句型:What’s the weather like?=How is the weather?天气怎么样2.It’s a good time/season to do sth=It’s a good time for sth/doing sth是做什么事的好时候或好季节It’s a good time for sb to do sth是某人做什么事的好时候It’s + adj +to do sth 做某事是很...的e.g.It’s good to get up early.e.g It’s a good time/season to swim3.--Why…..?--Because……由why引导的句子,回覆一定要用because4.learn to do sth. 学做某事e.g She is learning to dance.5.Which season do you like best?=What’s your favorite season?6.询问温度:What’s the temperature?The low / high temperature is….The temperature is from…to…The temperature is between…and…7.had better do sth. 最好做某事had better 最好 had缩写’d否认形式: had better not do sth.e.g The temperature is high outside. You’d better not go out.8. remember to do sth. 记得去做某事(实际行动还做)remember doing sth. 记得做过某事(实际行动已经做)e.g You must remember to close the door.你一定要记得关门(门还没有关)He remembered closing the door.他记得关过门了(门已经关上了)9.be busy doing sth 忙于做某事e.g He is busy reading.be busy with sth 忙于…..e.g They are busy with housework.总结解说:2.wear, be in 和put on★wear穿着,戴着,强调状态,用一般现在时表现经常状态,用现在举行时,表现暂时状态.★be in 表现穿着的状态e.g We wear our raincoat on a rainy day.(经常状态)The girl in pink is my sister. (暂时状态)★put on 穿上,戴上,强调行动(行动,短暂性)put on 穿、戴上、上演(代词it / them放中间,名词中间/后面,put it / them on )e.g She put on a red coat and went out.3.sunglasses/shorts/shoes/pants这些词通常都用复数形式4.get warm 变温暖, get是系动词,后加形容词, 类似的另有get cold; get fate.g The weather gets hot in summer.5.修饰雨雪的词汇多用heavily修饰风多用strongly 的形式e.g.下大雨rain heavilya heavy rainsnow heavilyheavy snow刮大风blow stronglya strong wind6.last: v. 延续e.g The meeting lasts for an hour.adj.上一个的, 最近的 last TuesdayUnit 8 Topic 2重点词组:1.during the summer holidays暑假期间2.go back to返回到古巴3.places of interest胜景奇迹4.go for a holiday(go on holiday)度假5.take a photo of…拍一张……的照片6.a pair of sunglasses一副眼镜7.point toat… 指向……8.wrap gift money in red paper用红纸包礼钱9.enter someone’s home进入某人的家10.customs in different countries差别国家的习俗11.be different from与……差别12.give my best wishes to sb.把我最好的祝福给……13.give my love to sb.代我向某人问好14.travel around… 周游…重点句型:1. The summer holidays are coming.暑假要来了。2. I hope to get together with them.我希望和他们在一起。3. Each of us has a good plan for the holidays.我们每小我私家都有一个很好的假期计划。

4. Can you tell me something about Yunnan?你能告诉我一些云南的事情么?5. It sounds really interesting and exciting.它听起来相当有趣和令人激动。6. Different countries have different customs.差别的国家有差别的民俗。7. You shouldn’t eat with your left hand.你不能用左手吃工具。

8. You mustn’t point to anything with your foot.你千万不要用脚指工具。9. Guess what I bought for you!猜猜我为你买了什么!10. I hope you all have a good time.我希望你们每小我私家都能过得愉快11. --What’s the best time to go there?--I think you can go anytime.外交用语:谈论旅游和民俗1. Where do you want to go ?2. Who would you like to travel with?3. --How was your trip?--It was wonderful.4. What’s the best time to go there?5.-- How did you travel there?--By train.6. --How long were you there?--Only five days.7. Different countries have different customs.重点剖析:Trip / travel 两者均表现旅游,其主要区别为:(1)trip指短距离旅行e.g.The round trip was ten dollars.(2)travel指远程旅行,尤其指到外洋旅行e.g.Do you want to travel around the world?Unit 8 Topic 3重要句型:1.They often eat turkey and Christmas cakes and give each other presents.give sb. sth = give sth to sb.类似的有:lend, send, bring, pass, takeeg: I lent my bike to her. = I lent her my bike.send sb. sth =sent sth to sb. 送给某人某物bring sb. sth = bring sth to sb. 给某人带来某物take sb. sth = take sth to sb. 给某人带走某物2.It means the end of Spring Festival. 它意味着春节的竣事。

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the end of …的末了at the end of …在…的末了(时间和空间);by the end of 到…末了为止3.not…until直到…才e.g. He didn’t come back until 12 o’clock.4.prepare for sth 为某事做好准备=get sth ready ,其宾语为所准备的直接内容e.g. They are preparing for the party this evening.The students are preparing for the exams.5.go to church 去教堂做星期go to the church去教堂go to school 去上学go to the school 去学校go to hospital去看病go to the hospital去医院6.start/ begin to do sth 开始做某事start/ begin doing stheg: He started/ began to study English six years ago.He started/ began singing.7.The whole family gets together for a big dinner.the whole +单数名词(团体名词) = all the +名词eg: The whole class is here.= All the class are here.8.watch sb. / sth do 注视某人/物做某事,强调行动的效果(全历程)watch sb./ sth doing注视某人/物正在做某事,强调行动正在举行类似的有:hear, seeeg: I hear someone singing in the next room.I often hear him shout to others.I see an old man selling books in the street.I sometimes see them play basketball on the playground.9.in hospital在住院in the hospital在医院里at table 在用饭at the table在桌子边10. everyone / every one1) everyone“人人,每人”,仅指人,相当于everybody,一般不能与of连用,作主语为单数。Everyone is here.大家(人人)都来了。2) every one“每一个(人或物)”,指人或物,常与of连用,谓语用单数。

Every one of the book is interesting. 每本书都很有趣。11.people/person/man1) people:①泛指“人,人们”,谓语动词用复数形式。

There are many people there. 那儿有许多人。②the people 常用来指“人民”。We study hard for the people. 我们为人民而努力学习。

③指“民族”是可数名词。There’re 56 peoples in中国有56个民族。2) person“人;人物”,无性别之分,可指男子,也可指女人。常用于指数目不大,而且数目比力准确的“人”。

Everyone likes the honest person. 每小我私家都喜欢老实的人。There are only three persons in the room. 房间里只有三小我私家。3)man: 指“男子”(复数形式为men),也可指“人类”。He is a man of few words. 他是个少言寡语的人。

Man has languages. 人类有语言。声明:整理自网络!。


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